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Why mypy?
Compile-time type checking
Static typing makes it easier to find bugs with less debugging.
Easier maintenance
Type declarations act as machine-checked documentation. Static typing makes your code easier to understand and easier to modify without introducing bugs.
Grow your programs from dynamic to static typing
You can develop programs with dynamic typing and add static typing after your code has matured, or migrate existing Python code to static typing.

mypy

Mypy is an optional static type checker for Python that aims to combine the benefits of dynamic (or "duck") typing and static typing. Mypy combines the expressive power and convenience of Python with a powerful type system and compile-time type checking. Mypy type checks standard Python programs; run them using any Python VM with basically no runtime overhead.

What's new

Mypy 0.910 released

22 Jun 2021: Mypy 0.910 was released. This release includes the --non-interactive command-line option to install stubs without user interaction, plus other fixes and improvements. Python 3.5 is now deprecated. Read the blog post for the details. -Jukka Lehtosalo

Mypy 0.901 released

8 Jun 2021: Mypy 0.901 was released. This release moves third-party library stubs to stub packages, allowing newer stubs to be easily used without updating mypy. Mypy now supports pyproject.toml and type guards, and ships wheels for Apple Silicon. Plus, there are many other features and bug fixes. Read the blog post for the details. -Jukka Lehtosalo

The upcoming switch to modular typeshed in mypy 0.900

26 May 2021: The next mypy release will no longer bundle stubs for third-party libraries. Read this blog post if you are interested in what this means to mypy users and why we are doing this. -Jukka Lehtosalo

Mypy 0.812 released

19 February 2021: Mypy 0.812 was released. This release fixes a regression in module finding behavior and adds the --exclude flag for excluding certain paths when searching for modules. Read the blog post for the details. -Jukka Lehtosalo

Older news

Seamless dynamic and static typing

From Python...
def fib(n):
    a, b = 0, 1
    while a < n:
        yield a
        a, b = b, a+b
...to statically typed Python
def fib(n: int) -> Iterator[int]:
    a, b = 0, 1
    while a < n:
        yield a
        a, b = b, a+b

Migrate existing code to static typing, a function at a time. You can freely mix static and dynamic typing within a program, within a module or within an expression. No need to give up dynamic typing — use static typing when it makes sense. Often just adding function signatures gives you statically typed code. Mypy can infer the types of other variables.

Python syntax

Mypy type checks programs that have type annotations conforming to PEP 484. Getting started is easy if you know Python. The aim is to support almost all Python language constructs in mypy.

Powerful type system

Mypy has a powerful, modern type system with features such as bidirectional type inference, generics, callable types, abstract base classes, multiple inheritance and tuple types.

Access to Python libs

Many commonly used libraries have stubs (statically typed interface definitions) that allow mypy to check that your code uses the libraries correctly.

Learn more